Ethics Observations On FBI Director Comey’s Statement Regarding The Clinton Investigation

James Comey

The transcript of FBI Director James Comey’s full remarks on the Clinton e-mail probe follow. I will highlight important sections in bold, and in some cases, bold and red. My  observations will follow.

Good morning. I’m here to give you an update on the FBI’s investigation of Secretary Clinton’s use of a personal e-mail system during her time as Secretary of State.

After a tremendous amount of work over the last year, the FBI is completing its investigation and referring the case to the Department of Justice for a prosecutive decision. What I would like to do today is tell you three things: what we did; what we found; and what we are recommending to the Department of Justice.

This will be an unusual statement in at least a couple ways. First, I am going to include more detail about our process than I ordinarily would, because I think the American people deserve those details in a case of intense public interest. Second, I have not coordinated or reviewed this statement in any way with the Department of Justice or any other part of the government. They do not know what I am about to say.

I want to start by thanking the FBI employees who did remarkable work in this case. Once you have a better sense of how much we have done, you will understand why I am so grateful and proud of their efforts.

So, first, what we have done:

The investigation began as a referral from the Intelligence Community Inspector General in connection with Secretary Clinton’s use of a personal e-mail server during her time as Secretary of State. The referral focused on whether classified information was transmitted on that personal system.

Our investigation looked at whether there is evidence classified information was improperly stored or transmitted on that personal system, in violation of a federal statute making it a felony to mishandle classified information either intentionally or in a grossly negligent way, or a second statute making it a misdemeanor to knowingly remove classified information from appropriate systems or storage facilities.

Consistent with our counterintelligence responsibilities, we have also investigated to determine whether there is evidence of computer intrusion in connection with the personal e-mail server by any foreign power, or other hostile actors.

I have so far used the singular term, “e-mail server,” in describing the referral that began our investigation. It turns out to have been more complicated than that. Secretary Clinton used several different servers and administrators of those servers during her four years at the State Department, and used numerous mobile devices to view and send e-mail on that personal domain. As new servers and equipment were employed, older servers were taken out of service, stored, and decommissioned in various ways. Piecing all of that back together — to gain as full an understanding as possible of the ways in which personal e-mail was used for government work — has been a painstaking undertaking, requiring thousands of hours of effort.

For example, when one of Secretary Clinton’s original personal servers was decommissioned in 2013, the e-mail software was removed. Doing that didn’t remove the e-mail content, but it was like removing the frame from a huge finished jigsaw puzzle and dumping the pieces on the floor. The effect was that millions of e-mail fragments end up unsorted in the server’s unused — or “slack”— space. We searched through all of it to see what was there, and what parts of the puzzle could be put back together.

FBI investigators have also read all of the approximately 30,000 e-mails provided by Secretary Clinton to the State Department in December 2014. Where an e-mail was assessed as possibly containing classified information, the FBI referred the e-mail to any U.S. government agency that was a likely “owner” of information in the e-mail, so that agency could make a determination as to whether the e-mail contained classified information at the time it was sent or received, or whether there was reason to classify the e-mail now, even if its content was not classified at the time it was sent (that is the process sometimes referred to as “up-classifying”).

From the group of 30,000 e-mails returned to the State Department, 110 e-mails in 52 e-mail chains have been determined by the owning agency to contain classified information at the time they were sent or received. Eight of those chains contained information that was Top Secret at the time they were sent; 36 chains contained Secret information at the time; and eight contained Confidential information, which is the lowest level of classification. Separate from those, about 2,000 additional e-mails were “up-classified” to make them Confidential; the information in those had not been classified at the time the e-mails were sent.

The FBI also discovered several thousand work-related e-mails that were not in the group of 30,000 that were returned by Secretary Clinton to State in 2014. We found those additional e-mails in a variety of ways. Some had been deleted over the years and we found traces of them on devices that supported or were connected to the private e-mail domain. Others we found by reviewing the archived government e-mail accounts of people who had been government employees at the same time as Secretary Clinton, including high-ranking officials at other agencies, people with whom a Secretary of State might naturally correspond.

This helped us recover work-related e-mails that were not among the 30,000 produced to State. Still others we recovered from the laborious review of the millions of e-mail fragments dumped into the slack space of the server decommissioned in 2013.

With respect to the thousands of e-mails we found that were not among those produced to State, agencies have concluded that three of those were classified at the time they were sent or received, one at the Secret level and two at the Confidential level. There were no additional Top Secret e-mails found. Finally, none of those we found have since been “up-classified.”

I should add here that we found no evidence that any of the additional work-related e-mails were intentionally deleted in an effort to conceal them. Our assessment is that, like many e-mail users, Secretary Clinton periodically deleted e-mails or e-mails were purged from the system when devices were changed. Because she was not using a government account — or even a commercial account like Gmail — there was no archiving at all of her e-mails, so it is not surprising that we discovered e-mails that were not on Secretary Clinton’s system in 2014, when she produced the 30,000 e-mails to the State Department.

It could also be that some of the additional work-related e-mails we recovered were among those deleted as “personal” by Secretary Clinton’s lawyers when they reviewed and sorted her e-mails for production in 2014.

The lawyers doing the sorting for Secretary Clinton in 2014 did not individually read the content of all of her e-mails, as we did for those available to us; instead, they relied on header information and used search terms to try to find all work-related e-mails among the reportedly more than 60,000 total e-mails remaining on Secretary Clinton’s personal system in 2014. It is highly likely their search terms missed some work-related e-mails, and that we later found them, for example, in the mailboxes of other officials or in the slack space of a server.

It is also likely that there are other work-related e-mails that they did not produce to State and that we did not find elsewhere, and that are now gone because they deleted all e-mails they did not return to State, and the lawyers cleaned their devices in such a way as to preclude complete forensic recovery.

We have conducted interviews and done technical examination to attempt to understand how that sorting was done by her attorneys. Although we do not have complete visibility because we are not able to fully reconstruct the electronic record of that sorting, we believe our investigation has been sufficient to give us reasonable confidence there was no intentional misconduct in connection with that sorting effort.

And, of course, in addition to our technical work, we interviewed many people, from those involved in setting up and maintaining the various iterations of Secretary Clinton’s personal server, to staff members with whom she corresponded on e-mail, to those involved in the e-mail production to State, and finally, Secretary Clinton herself.

Last, we have done extensive work to understand what indications there might be of compromise by hostile actors in connection with the personal e-mail operation.

That’s what we have done. Now let me tell you what we found:

Although we did not find clear evidence that Secretary Clinton or her colleagues intended to violate laws governing the handling of classified information, there is evidence that they were extremely careless in their handling of very sensitive, highly classified information.

For example, seven e-mail chains concern matters that were classified at the Top Secret/Special Access Program level when they were sent and received. These chains involved Secretary Clinton both sending e-mails about those matters and receiving e-mails from others about the same matters. There is evidence to support a conclusion that any reasonable person in Secretary Clinton’s position, or in the position of those government employees with whom she was corresponding about these matters, should have known that an unclassified system was no place for that conversation. In addition to this highly sensitive information, we also found information that was properly classified as Secret by the U.S. Intelligence Community at the time it was discussed on e-mail (that is, excluding the later “up-classified” e-mails).

None of these e-mails should have been on any kind of unclassified system, but their presence is especially concerning because all of these e-mails were housed on unclassified personal servers not even supported by full-time security staff, like those found at Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Government — or even with a commercial service like Gmail.

Separately, it is important to say something about the marking of classified information. Only a very small number of the e-mails containing classified information bore markings indicating the presence of classified information. But even if information is not marked “classified” in an e-mail, participants who know or should know that the subject matter is classified are still obligated to protect it.

While not the focus of our investigation, we also developed evidence that the security culture of the State Department in general, and with respect to use of unclassified e-mail systems in particular, was generally lacking in the kind of care for classified information found elsewhere in the government.

With respect to potential computer intrusion by hostile actors, we did not find direct evidence that Secretary Clinton’s personal e-mail domain, in its various configurations since 2009, was successfully hacked. But, given the nature of the system and of the actors potentially involved, we assess that we would be unlikely to see such direct evidence. We do assess that hostile actors gained access to the private commercial e-mail accounts of people with whom Secretary Clinton was in regular contact from her personal account. We also assess that Secretary Clinton’s use of a personal e-mail domain was both known by a large number of people and readily apparent. She also used her personal e-mail extensively while outside the United States, including sending and receiving work-related e-mails in the territory of sophisticated adversaries. Given that combination of factors, we assess it is possible that hostile actors gained access to Secretary Clinton’s personal e-mail account.

So that’s what we found. Finally, with respect to our recommendation to the Department of Justice:

In our system, the prosecutors make the decisions about whether charges are appropriate based on evidence the FBI has helped collect. Although we don’t normally make public our recommendations to the prosecutors, we frequently make recommendations and engage in productive conversations with prosecutors about what resolution may be appropriate, given the evidence. In this case, given the importance of the matter, I think unusual transparency is in order.

Although there is evidence of potential violations of the statutes regarding the handling of classified information, our judgment is that no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case. Prosecutors necessarily weigh a number of factors before bringing charges. There are obvious considerations, like the strength of the evidence, especially regarding intent. Responsible decisions also consider the context of a person’s actions, and how similar situations have been handled in the past.

In looking back at our investigations into mishandling or removal of classified information, we cannot find a case that would support bringing criminal charges on these facts. All the cases prosecuted involved some combination of: clearly intentional and willful mishandling of classified information; or vast quantities of materials exposed in such a way as to support an inference of intentional misconduct; or indications of disloyalty to the United States; or efforts to obstruct justice. We do not see those things here.

To be clear, this is not to suggest that in similar circumstances, a person who engaged in this activity would face no consequences. To the contrary, those individuals are often subject to security or administrative sanctions. But that is not what we are deciding now.

As a result, although the Department of Justice makes final decisions on matters like this, we are expressing to Justice our view that no charges are appropriate in this case.

I know there will be intense public debate in the wake of this recommendation, as there was throughout this investigation. What I can assure the American people is that this investigation was done competently, honestly, and independently. No outside influence of any kind was brought to bear.

I know there were many opinions expressed by people who were not part of the investigation— including people in government — but none of that mattered to us. Opinions are irrelevant, and they were all uninformed by insight into our investigation, because we did the investigation the right way. Only facts matter, and the FBI found them here in an entirely apolitical and professional way. I couldn’t be prouder to be part of this organization.


1. Comey’s decision to make the FBI’s recommendations public before they were submitted to the Justice Department was the correct and ethical decision, and his best course to try to restore some trust in the process following inappropriate comments by the President, the tarmac meeting where Bill Clinton apparently ambushed Loretta Lynch, and the rest. At this point, many Americans, especially conservatives and Republicans, won’t believe any representations, including Comey’s. That’s unfortunate, and in his case, unwarranted.

2. The conclusion that no reasonable prosecutor would bring such a case is reasonable, as far as I can tell without reviewing the evidence myself. One has to prove mens rea, and, though he didn’t say it this way, Hanlon’s Razor—don’t presume malice when stupidity is an adequate explanation—does often protect wrongdoers from criminal penalties. The combination of a celebrity defendant, widespread suspicion of political motives (in great part nurtured by Clinton herself) and the difficulty of proving malign motive would discourage many prosecutors, if not all. Ethical prosecutors do not and should not bring charges they don’t think will result in conviction.

3. To hold otherwise is to treat the justice system in the warped and unethical manner suggested by lawyer Curt Anderson, the Baltimore Democrat who chairs the city’s legislative delegation, who reacted to the third failed attempt to convict one of the six officers charged—unethically and without probable cause—with complicity in Freddie Gray’s death by arguing that justice has been served because

“…there was suspected wrongdoing by a police officer that some people thought was criminal, and it went to a court….It doesn’t matter whether the person was found innocent or guilty, they didn’t get away with nothing. They had to stand in the light of scrutiny. If they’re not tried, then there is no justice. There is no explaining the facts or standing up to prosecution. The fact of the matter is … Freddie Gray is dead, and he wasn’t before he encountered the police. In order for it to be resolved in my mind, everybody involved should have their day in court.”

No. Wrong. Unethical. Horribly unethical. The criminal process is not to be used as punishment itself, or to satisfy suspicions, however strong, or people who “think” someone’s conduct is criminal. A charge must be supported by sufficient evidence to obtain a justifiable conviction, and if it isn’t, then no charges should be brought.

4. Though the worst case scenario of an indictment has been avoided, the comments of Comey should be read as devastating. (Here’s yet another ethics test: see who claims that Clinton was “exonerated.”) He said she was careless. He said that she exposed sensitive information to hacking and discovery by enemies of the U.S. He said that “There is evidence to support a conclusion that any reasonable person in Secretary Clinton’s position, or in the position of those government employees with whom she was corresponding about these matters, should have known that an unclassified system was no place for that conversation.” He said that an official who engaged in similar breaches would be subject to discipline and administrative sanctions.

5. Comey said, in sum, that Clinton was reckless, incompetent and irresponsible.

6. He also showed that Clinton lied, and has been lying all along. She said she never handled classified material; she did. She said she never handled material marked as classified. She did. She said that she turned over all of her e-mails. She didn’t.

7. The statement that “the security culture of the State Department in general, and with respect to use of unclassified e-mail systems in particular, was generally lacking in the kind of care for classified information found elsewhere in the government” is an indictment, though not a criminal one, of Clinton’s competence as a leaders and a manager. She was responsible for making sure that the State Department took proper precautions with classified information, and instead led the way in doing the opposite.  That is not a persuasive argument for giving her more responsibility in a bigger and more difficult job.

8. If Clinton has sufficient integrity and common sense, she will quickly accept the verdict and conclusions described by Comey, admit carelessness and poor decisions, promise that she has learned important lessons that will make her a better leader, and vow to do better.

9. [Added: 1:51 PM, 7/5/16] I would like to know what Clinton’s selfish, sloppy, deceptive machinations cost taxpayers by requiring this investigation. Her arrogance had financial consequences as well.

132 thoughts on “Ethics Observations On FBI Director Comey’s Statement Regarding The Clinton Investigation

  1. It was unethical of the director of the FBI to bring out such innuendo and accusations, and then say that there would be no charges against Clinton. Either she broke the laws or she did not. Apparently she did not. On the other hand it is probably a great compliment to Clinton given in a back handed fashion. The FBI agreed that her private server was not hacked, although he went to great lengths to talk about maybees and could-have-beens without any evidence. The same cannot be said for most of the government servers for the last decade or so. The government servers are obviously easy targets, and have been hacked repeatedly. The FBI and other agencies have not been able to stop this bleeding of national secrets, and the SOS servers have been hacked and the secrets posted to wikileaks. Clinton’s private server was not hacked, to the chagrin of the FBI. It is easy to see why Comey says such nasty and terrible things about Clinton: he is so upset that her private server was safer than the government servers that he is supposed to protect! Clinton has shown that a little initiative with a private server which was not illegal is better than the protection of the FBI and other security agents. His complaints about her security are obviously sour grapes because she was not hacked like so many others. In other words, Clinton’s decision to have a private server was BRILLIANT and protected the SOS secrets better than Comey! The FBI and our security arrangements are terrible at cyber security, and a novice showed them the way forward to better security for our national secrets. That alone makes Clinton Presidential worthy of winning the White House.

    • Silly, biased and counter-factual comment. Because the investigation had been politicized by Clinton and the media, he was obligated to describe what the investigation found. He did that. He was obligated to say what Clinton did, and why what she did was not, in their final estimation, worthy of indictment. There were no “accusations’ and no “innuendo.” Those were the findings backed by evidence. She DID handle classified material. She DID leave her communication open to hostile hacking. She did destroy as private e-mails that were not. Etc. Nor is it always possible to state with certainty if a computer has been hacked, or whether communications have been intercepted. He said that in the FBI’s analysis, Clinton placed the classified information at risk. If it wasn’t obtained by hostile powers, that’s luck.

      the last part of your nonsense is either satire or indication of a brain lesion. This is the dumbest comment I have read regarding the report yet…dumber than Trump’s, Hannity’s, or Muck-Muck the Dog Man. You’re trolling, or really dumb. Neither one will be appreciated here.

    • Mike McGee said, “The FBI agreed that her private server was not hacked…”

      That’s not what the FBI director said; how ’bout you go back and reread what was said without putting your own spin on it.

  2. I don’t know if there will be an offical FBI report, or if maybe the intelligence community will weigh, but I would like to see a finding that the government has had to take countermeasures, necessary because “…it is possible that hostile actors gained access to Secretary Clinton’s personal e-mail account.”

    I think that Comey can be faulted for using “grossly negligent” as a legal term of art and then “extremely careless” in a common sense without specifically and very clearly explaining what the difference between those two things are. They’re not just confusable terms, they seem like they’re designed to be synonyms. It’s something that should be obvious: when any specialist imparts knowledge to non-specialist, the burden has to be on the specialist to make things understandable. The arrow simply can’t run the other way, particularly when the non-specialists are millions of people who can’t ask follow up questions.

  3. Director Comey’s statement just solidifies the opinion of regular people that there is, indeed, a double standard of justice in our country. One for folks in power, and another for the rest of us. For me, all the talk about the “fix” being in just isn’t the case at all. No need for a fix, it was simply understood by all that there would be no consequences for Mrs. Clinton. This lack of trust in our government is what leads numerous people to contemplate a vote for Donald Trump, who could be an even bigger disaster for our country than Clinton. AHHHHHHH! A pox on all their houses!

    • What is “understood” by misinformed and ignorant people is neither helpful of relevant. This is a great example. As Comey was saying intoday’s hearing, in 100 years, ONE government employee has been prosecuted under the “gross negligent” provision of the law, and that was a far more egregious set of facts. So there is no double standard. Prosecuting Clinton would have established one, and I can see a justification for that. But don’t cite ignorant “perceptions” as if they should affect any legal decisions.

      • That “understanding” you denigrate may not be helpful but it certainly is relevant. We are in the midst of an unprecedented presidential election where we are asked to choose between, in my possibly misinformed opinion, the two least acceptable people to lead our country I have ever seen run for office. I can’t bring myself to vote for either one, but the lack of trust in our government, added to the lack of trust of Hillary Clinton could very easily cause Donald Trump…………………a wild card of the most dangerous kind……………to become our next president. I do not see a happy outcome.

  4. “6. He also showed that Clinton lied, and has been lying all along. She said she never handled classified material; she did. She said she never handled material marked as classified. She did.”

    This was investigated and debunked by the New York Times.

    The “(c)” code denoting a Classified message appears only twice in the emails, out of 30,000.

    It turns out they were mis-labeled, because they were only about routine appointments.

    Messages retroactively classified don’t count, as we all know; it’s impossible to charge someone with a crime for an action that wasn’t illegal at the time it occurred.

    • The (C) code means Confidential as in Unclassified, Confidential, Secret, and Top Secret. The other paragraph codes are (U), (S), and (TS). The information following the (C) is classified at the Confidential level.

      Hillary knew the markings as indicated in her email to Jacob Sullivan on June 17, 2011 in reference to a secure fax that she wanted to read but the sender was having problems with the secure fax machine. It states: “If they can’t, turn into nonpaper w no identifying heading and send nonsecure.” We will never know the full extent of her crime because she destroyed at least 30,000 of the emails.

      • Those codes apply to Classified Emails.

        Actual Classified emails are sent only using a SCIF facility.

        These are secured terminals in Government buildings.

        The codes you refer to apply in a Classified email, with a Classified header.

        The code is a little reminder to the people exchanging information.

        But these codes aren’t used in the non-classified email system.

        Because you CAN’T send classified intel on the non-classified email system.

        By definition, you can’t send Classified email from a SCIF to a non-SCIF account.

        I don’t know why you people don’t understand this.

        But then your cult has a lot of problems with cognition.

        Like blaming Secretary Clinton for the response to the Benghazi attack.

        The Secretary of State doesn’t order the response to a Terrorist attack.

        That’s the President’s job, and the Secretary of Defense, who is in charge of the Military.

        The problem appears to be that Conservatives shut off their brains when they hear propaganda from a “Conservative” source.

        You persist in believing Hillary Clinton’s personal emails were Government related, even though it’s patently OBVIOUS you have no proof of it.

        Think for a moment. She was using the email server for her private email before taking the Secretary of State job.

        So she had private emails on it. 30,000 isn’t unusual, I have that much.

        And of course, she deleted her personal data before turning in the email server at the request of the FBI.

        No, she didn’t “wipe” the hard drive. That’s just a Conservative hoax.

        That story comes from the online backup service she used accidentally erasing her data.

        The FBI reported that they recovered all the files on the email server, but obviously you weren’t paying attention.

        • 1. “Because you CAN’T send classified intel on the non-classified email system.” So state secrets aren’t secrets if they are sent by illicit means? You’re hilarious.

          2. “But then your cult has a lot of problems with cognition.”

          (Bordering on political rant, which is not allowed, and you are the one so corrupted that you can’t admit the self-evident)

          3. “You persist in believing Hillary Clinton’s personal emails were Government related, even though it’s patently OBVIOUS you have no proof of it.” Arguing that is inherently dishonest. She destroyed them to make sure there was no evidence, and knowing the e-mails would be subpoenaed. It’s called spoliation.

          4. Like blaming Secretary Clinton for the response to the Benghazi attack.
          The Secretary of State doesn’t order the response to a Terrorist attack.
          That’s the President’s job, and the Secretary of Defense, who is in charge of the Military.
          The problem appears to be that Conservatives shut off their brains when they hear propaganda from a “Conservative” source.

          One stretched accusation has no relevance to the legitimacy of another substantive one. Stay on topic. Stop deflecting.

          5. “No, she didn’t “wipe” the hard drive. That’s just a Conservative hoax.That story comes from the online backup service she used accidentally erasing her data.”

          Smoking gun proof that you are a partisan, lying hack, and maybe a paid one.

          The point is, she did more than delete the e-mails, and while it doesn’t “prove” wrongdoing, it is legitimately suspicious. I’m impressed you have the gall to use the “accidental” excuse/ You are a BOLD hack.

          6. Nastiness combined with factual obfuscation will get you banned. If the FBI recovered all the e-mails, why are they still being released?

          7. Diagnosis: You’re a partisan hack. Go spin elsewhere. How do you stand yourself?

          • And, Ladies and Gentlemen, I give you Glutenfreetrekker, a frightening example of the creatures created by the Clintons, principle-devoid progressives, and Alinskyites.No honest person denied now that Clinton intentionally broke policy and endangered national security purely to protect he own nefarious machinations from scrutiny. Nor can anyone reasonably deny that Clinton lied repeatedly, over more than a year, and paid others to lie for her. Yet people like this guy are either so blinded by ideological fervor, or so hopelessly corrupted, or so gullible that they continue to deny what is stunningly obvious. How do people get this way? It’s like a plague. If this kind of moral illness spreads, fascism and totalitarianism really can happen here. It is the blank-eyed loyalists like Gluten who both lead and follow.

            Be Afraid. Be very afraid.

            • NOTICE: And, as I suspected, I would have to, I banned this jerk. If he isn’t a paid Clinton web-liar, he should be.

              His final, spammed post includes the usual pro-Clinton, anti-truth, anti-evidence lies, makes the on its face ridiculous claim that Hillary didn’t keep changing her story/lies as more fact emerged—its matter of record—and does so brazenly. At the beginning of his pack of partisan lies, Gluten he writes, quoting me, “The point is, she did more than delete the e-mails”

              “No, she didn’t.Trey Gowdy is no expert in IT. He “accused” Secretary Clinton of using Bleach-Bit.”

              Yes, you liar, in fact she did it; it’s no accusation. Later Gluten uses the New York Times as his authority regarding Benghazi, which has nothing to do with the post. The Times confirms that regarding the wiping of Clinton’s server, Gowdy is accurate. But this is the MO of Hillary and her liars, paid and otherwise. Deny, confuse, grandstand, obfuscate and deny again, repeat and rinse.

              It’s really amazing. Clinton’s conduct is a matter of record, and this jerk not only denies it, but denies it arrogantly.

              How many Clinton voters are like this corrupted creature, and how many know how bad she is and will admit it?

  5. This thread is getting hilarious. Does anyone seriously think that the FBI, CIA, DOJ, DNC, NASA and anyone other government acronym will actually toss Her Worships sorry arse in the slammer for three hots and a cot? Is Mama Morton going to do a cavity search on the presidential perp?

    Equal justice? Any fool believes that exists I have some ocean front property in Nebraska I can sell you. Privilege goes all through our system and it means everywhere – courts, business, education and any other place where pedigree gets you the free pass.

    Do the right thing? That is the real knee-slapper. Hillary brazenly worked for decades to get this gig and she ain’t giving it up. No way and no how.

    If by some bizarre reason Goddess Hillary ended up confined she would campaign from the cell and enough have been elected while behind bars. Hillary’s water carriers would line up to vote for her no matter what – they would pass even if Lincoln was resurrected and tossed on the ballot. They could hold the inauguration in the prison yard.

  6. If an FBI director, a former Republican, puts out statements eleven days before an election, can he be charged with being unethical and dismissed?

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