Gov. McDonnell And The Wedding: When Ethics Hypotheticals Come True


I thought I was dreaming when I read this in the Washington Post this morning:

Virginia Gov. Robert F. McDonnell (R) has said his daughter and her husband paid for their own wedding. So a $15,000 check from a major campaign donor to pay for the food at the affair was a gift to the bride and groom and not to him and therefore did not have to be publicly disclosed under the law, the governor says. But documents obtained by The Washington Post show that McDonnell signed the catering contract, making him financially responsible for the 2011 event. The governor made handwritten notes to the caterer in the margins. In addition, the governor paid nearly $8,000 in deposits for the catering. When the combination of the governor’s deposit and the gift from the donor resulted in an overpayment to the caterer, the refund check of more than $3,500 went to McDonnell’s wife and not to his daughter, her husband or the donor….The question of who was responsible for paying the catering bill is a key one because Virginia law requires that elected officials publicly report gifts of more than $50. But the law does not require the disclosure of gifts to the official’s family members. McDonnell has cited the statute in explaining why he did not disclose the payment in annual forms he has filed with the state.

I have taught an ethics hypothetical very similar to this in several contexts, including government, business, and legislative ethics. The lesson is that regardless of the laws, and whether a particular set of regulations designates gifts to a direct family member as creating a conflict of interest and appearance of impropriety, this kind of transaction is suspicious, probably corrupt, looks terrible, undermines trust, and should be rejected by the official whose family member is getting married.

McDonnell’s defense that the law doesn’t require disclosure is Clintonian, as the issue is whether a campaign contributor should be using “wedding gifts” to underwrite an elected official’s family expenses as a way to get around the campaign contribution laws. He shouldn’t. Virginia may be too dense to realize that it is influence and a conflict of interest when a supplicant to an elected official uses cash to endear himself to that official by enriching the official’s loved ones, but that doesn’t change the fact that it is. It obviously is. Why is a campaign donor giving money to McDonnell’s daughter, if not to curry favor with the Governor? The Post article and the various defenses offered by McDonnell muddle what should be a cut and dry conclusion. This is wrong, whether it is illegal in Virginia or not. The question isn’t whether McDonnell broke the law by not reporting the gift; the question is whether he is presumptively corrupt for allowing the gift to be made and accepted at all.

The answer to that question is “Yes.”


Facts: Washington Post

3 thoughts on “Gov. McDonnell And The Wedding: When Ethics Hypotheticals Come True

  1. Unfortunately it’s not illegal and will probably be swept under the rug, partly because the other side has forfeited the moral high ground (not for nothing did you call the defense “Clintonian”). The best way to deal with problems like this is to just close the legal loopholes.

  2. This seems like a variation on the hiring the wives and children of politicians as lobbyists, when their only qualification is that they are related to an influential politician. This is clearly unethical but it is really just the visible part of a much larger iceberg. Campaign finance reform from Nixon on has turned has turned the funding of political campaigns into a cesspool (well it was probably always cesspool but a rancid cesspool.) So called reforms, have just made the system more Byzantine and difficult to track flows of money.

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