Comment Of The Day: “I Worry About Cary Grant”

Today’s Comment of the Day was spawned by the post about the fading of cultural memories of important film artists. texaggo4 has his doubts about my concerns, and whether the phenomenon is worth worrying about, or even a problem at all.

I admit, this topic is an unusually intense and personal one for me. It was the reason why I devoted a large portion of my life and creative energy for twenty years to the quixotic challenge of creating and trying to maintain a professional theater company in the Washington, D.C. area devoted to producing American stage works of quality and historical importance that were in danger of falling out of the American stage repertoire entirely, if they were not already forgotten. We proved that many shows thought hopelessly dated or politically incorrect still worked (“The Boys in the Band,” “The Seven Year Itch,” “Native Son,” “The Cradle Will Rock”…), found genuine masterpieces that almost nobody knew existed (“Moby Dick Rehearsed,” “Machinal,’ “Marathon 33″…), and lost a fortune on artistic gambles that didn’t pan out, for a wide variety of reasons, including bad management, bad luck, or the unpredictability of show biz. Notable disasters that still give me nightmares include ” “Home of the Brave,'” Mr Roberts,” “A Flag is Born,” “Dear World, and “The Pirate.” We had a devoted and loyal following, and I think we proved our point, but basically didn’t make a ripple despite all that work. (Except perhaps in this case, and maybe that was enough…) Heck, our theater was in a school building, and we couldn’t get any teachers to bring their classes to our shows, even for free.

But then, most of my life has been devoted to futile pursuits. After all, I’m an ethicist…

Here is tex’s Comment of the Day on the post,I Worry About Cary Grant:

What exactly are we asking for here? Facial recognition of the actor and an ability to recollect every great movie ever produced? What’s the goal of Cultural Memory? It cannot be the rote memorization of EVERY SINGLE great artist, producer and creator of art & culture. 1, we’d never have time to get around to memorizing ALL of it, 2, we’d never have time to get around to viewing all of it, 3, we’d never have any time to get around producing new examples of it, 4, we’d never have any time to get around doing anything else that life calls us to do.

The great conversation, as it is called, which is the ongoing “dialogue” between artists of the present with their contemporaries as well as with their predecessors. Artists take the concepts that are explored in the past, the debates had between opposing concepts in the past, and rework them in the present, either shedding light on new angles or re-engaging the old arguments, or bolstering new arguments. This long process of cultural production has produced MILLIONS of individual works and, without a doubt, TENS of thousands of artists. Of those countless producers & performers, we can assume there are many many thousands of individual works that could be called “culturally iconic” or “unique” or “ground breaking” and thousands of artists.

Feeling less well read that I ought to, I compiled a list of what several thinkers considered to be the “Western Canon”: a list of essential books that captured the literary and written philosophy component of this “Great Conversation”, with the goal of plodding through them over my lifetime.

930 books. Just the books.

The authors, as I read their names, certainly had recognizable names and I could probably guess relatively accurately the eras they wrote in. Could I reasonably hold a discussion or even mention some prominent idea found in them? Maybe 10% of that list. With any level of deeper understanding? Less than that.

But what I could do, without those books, is hold a relatively well thought out conversation about the ideas that most of those books were also exploring. Why? Because that is what cultural memory does for us, without being able to hold an in depth idea about a particular work of art, we can still be able to hold in depth ideas about the particular notion that a work of art was exploring. Because cultural memory goes a great way towards preserving, through the Great Conversation, all those ideas and philosophies and beauties and art, without me having to memorize in rote detail the specifics of each work.

930 books, considered essential to grasp the great conversation of *just* Western Culture. How many paintings & painters? How many concertos and composers? How many sculptures? How many plays and playwrights and stage actors? How many buildings and architects? How many movies and directors and actors and screenwriters?

The interesting thing of course, is how the growth of culture has accelerated due to population, communication and technology. Whereas one generation in the 1000s may have produced a half dozen *iconic* culture producers, one generation in the 1500s produced several dozen *iconic* culture producers. One generation in the 1700s, maybe 100. A generation of the 1900s, easily several hundred.

Producers. Multiply that by 10 for iconic works. And I think I’m underestimating.

I think you are placing an incredible burden on the current generation to preserve *semi-iconic* works and producers that had a very personal impact for your generation, but given a few centuries of time may or may not be seen as truly impactful on the Great Conversation. Think of the half-dozen *iconic* producers of the 1000s AD. There certain were a hundred other producers who were either *semi-iconic* or just plain copy cats or failures. The generation of the 1100s AD didn’t remember THOSE guys. Only the *truly* iconic ones.

I get the impetus to remember as much as possible, but I don’t think the effort should get in the way of follow-on generations adding to the culture by encumbering them with such a load of nostalgic movie-watching that they cannot produce themselves.

I think the real root of your concern isn’t that certain icons are unrecognizable or that the current generation doesn’t have an ability to discuss the ideas of a particular movie and why that particular movie is unique. I think the real problem is the current generation doesn’t WANT to have those conversations nor is it capable of discussing the ideas independent of the works of art. Nor is it capable of gleaning out what IS important about those iconic movies if it ever did get around to watching it.

I think what is missing is not the watching of those movies, but teaching the generation to simultaneously WANT to appreciate older art forms AND to be able to understand the “language” and “grammar” of those older art forms in order to have the *ideas* conversation to contribute to the Great Conversation.

I can’t continue, this has been too much of a stream of consciousness monologue. I wanted to explore the role of the Democratization of Art due to production and communication technology and it’s role in diluting GOOD art while simultaneously, on occasion, producing GREAT art. I wanted to explore the role of education and “culture leaders” in selecting what ought to be seen as GREAT art (and their general failure at doing so). And several other topics.

But I guess we’ll just have to settle with my focus on this being too much of a burden on the modern generation to REMEMBER every last detail of the previous generation’s artistic output. I think the burden is on the generation that wants remembrance fight its own personal attachment to many works and really cull out what IS iconic from what is just semi-iconic. And focus on the excellent contributions.

18 thoughts on “Comment Of The Day: “I Worry About Cary Grant”

  1. I can’t continue, this has been too much of a stream of consciousness monologue. I wanted to explore the role of the Democratization of Art due to production and communication technology and it’s role in diluting GOOD art while simultaneously, on occasion, producing GREAT art. I wanted to explore the role of education and “culture leaders” in selecting what ought to be seen as GREAT art (and their general failure at doing so). And several other topics.

    I would like to subscribe to your newsletter.

    Great comment, and a really good point of view to bring up. Tough I’m not even sure that a generation deciding what is iconic is possible. It’s a messy mismash, because if you look at any time period you have works that are iconic and influential, works that are influential but not iconic (the quote about The Velvet Underground only selling 30,000 albums, but everyone who bought one started a band,) and works that are popular at the time but neither influential nor iconic.

    And on top of that, different eras often go back in history and pick up things that had fallen out of fashion or didn’t have much to say to people at the the time they were published, but in a new situation they seem new and daring and exciting and they become iconic of an era to people generations after the fact.

    So, it’s really impossible to say at any given time “THESE are the works that people need to see!” I’m a huge believer in cultural literacy, but cultural literacy shifts as new works are added and old ones are forgotten or rediscovered.

    If I recall, Jack pointed out that most people know Jimmy Stewart from It’s a Wonderful Life because of its association with Christmas, which is true. But it’s equally true that most people couldn’t tell you the plot of any ballet other than The Nutcracker for the same reason. Was The Nutcracker the most popular ballet when it was produced, or the best ballet ever? Was it the one that 19th century ballet goers would have picked out and promoted as iconic? Probably not. We just wander around all December humming “DUT-dada-da-da-da-DA-da-da.”

    But it’s worth noting that every December hundreds of thousands of people actually sit down and watch a ballet. (Not to mention that sales of those tickets prop up ballet companies across the country.)

    So, it kind of boils down to, you take what you get.

  2. A few random thoughts on this (unlike Tex’s thoughtful cogitation):

    At age sixty-six, I’m still trying to make my way through my junior to senior year of high school recommended reading list. Remember those? I finished all of “Recapturing Lost Time,” or, as it was called when I was in high school, “Remembrance of Things Past.” It probably took me at least three years. I’m a slow reader and three pages of good literature are about all I can absorb in a sitting. I’m reading Dostoyevsky now. Finished “The Idiot” and am nearly done with “The Brothers Karamozov.” I’ve read “War and Peace.” My personal conclusions: Proust is tremendous, beats James Joyce all to hell, Dostoyevsky is down right strange and Tolstoy is kind of boring. I’ve re-read a lot of Henry James and T.S. Eliot. They both strike me as being fairly preposterous now that I’ve lived a life myself. So what have I learned? Beats me. But I guess I feel a little cultured.

    Having graduated from college in 1973 and living in New Haven, CT I remember shopping in a little neighborhood grocery store one afternoon. There was no Muzak. Instead, a small plug-in radio sat on top of one of the aisles of stock. The Byrds’ “Eight Miles High” came on the radio. The five or ten people in the store automatically began grooving to the music. Which I thought was kind of funny given the fact we’d spent our high school years making fun of our parents for liking Glenn Miller or Frank Sinatra. Clearly, we were, even at that early stage, becoming our parents.

    Driving around my daughter and her eighth grade classmates in the late ’80s, one of the girls asked the car, “Did you know Paul McCartney was in a band before Wings?”

    After a forty year hiatus, I went back to taking piano lessons at age fifty. I’ve been at it for seventeen or so years. Am I getting much better? Who knows. Is it a great way to commune with the giants of classical music? Yes. Am I a natural? No. But it’s a nice way to spend time. Does it make any more sense than playing golf? Not sure but I did quit golf after fifteen years or so to go back to the piano.

    My forty year old son just informed me he recently watched “The Great Escape” with his nine year old son, saying, “I could never get [my wife] to watch it with me but she did birth me a son who would. Next: ‘The Godfather.'” To which my reaction was “Isn’t the Godfather a little violent?” Of course, my son was famous for saying to his grandmother, when she asked him. age eight, whether the James Bond movies he liked to watch on the Betamax were “a little too violent and sexual,” replied casually, “Sometimes I like a little sex and violence.”

    I guess my conclusion is I’m not as downbeat as Jack. Half the world’s below the fiftieth percentile so lots of people aren’t going to give a rat’s ass about Cary Grant. And as Tex articulates, there’s a heck of a lot to familiarize one’s self with. Nor am I a progressive who thinks humankind is always getting better. It’s not. I’m more an Old Testament/Hebraic guy who has come to believe every generation has to make its own mistakes and learn its lessons the hard way. Lord knows we’re really good at worshiping any number of golden calves.

    In any event, I guess I’ll just keep plodding through the big time literature and music. Lord knows why. It’s a fairly futile exercise. But in the long run, we’re all dead. ‘C’est la vie,’ say the old folks, it goes to show you never can tell.

      • Hah! Hard to make that stuff up, isn’t it? Out of the mouths of twelve year-olds…

        Doubly ironic insofar as once Lennon and McCartney parted ways, they both became saccharine and ineffective. How many pop songs are worse than “Band on the Run?” You’d probably say, “Imagine” is certainly one.

    • “I guess my conclusion is I’m not as downbeat as Jack. Half the world’s below the fiftieth percentile so lots of people aren’t going to give a rat’s ass about Cary Grant. And as Tex articulates, there’s a heck of a lot to familiarize one’s self with. Nor am I a progressive who thinks humankind is always getting better. It’s not.”

      The thing is, I generally share Jack’s lament as it pertains to people being illiterate about culture, art, and ideas in general. I don’t know if I share the lament as it pertains to exactly what needs to be remembered. I know this: we currently aren’t remembering enough or internalizing enough to pass on a rich culture to the next generation, but I don’t know if we aren’t remembering enough film works or dance works…

    • Here


      It’s long. It’s a compilation of several source’s notion of essential or great reading. It was a start, so maybe it has left out some works that should be included, maybe it has some items that aren’t better than clap-trap. But I think it’s a good survey illustrating my concerns I raise in the post.

      I must amend my claim in my post about also needing to memorize a ton of playwrights, because the list includes significant plays & playwrights as well.

      The number 930 is inaccurate. I cannot say which direction it is inaccurate as I cleaned up the list of duplicates I also noticed several lines that mention being compendiums of works.

  3. “Isn’t the Godfather a little violent?”

    You’s want violent? Goodfellas, HBO’s “Boardwalk Empire,” “Deadwood,” “The Sopranos?” Fuggeddaboudit!

    One of the most violent movie scenes I ever saw was in “Revenge,” after Tibey Mendez (Anthony Quinn [The Eskimo?]) found out his “pal” (Kevin Costner’s Jay Cochran) had been schtupping Miryea (the tres comely Madeleine Stowe)

    Trigger Warning: NSFW!!

    “The five or ten people in the store automatically began grooving to the music.”

    “Aural Sex” is the auditory equivalent to a ”secret handshake,” am I right?

  4. A. E. Housman
    Collected Poems
    Adam Smith
    An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
    Prometheus Bound
    Seven Against Thebes
    The Eumenides
    The Furies
    The Libation Bearers
    The Oresteia
    The Persians
    The Suppliant Maidens
    Albert Camus
    The Fall
    The Plague
    The Rebel
    The Stranger
    Albert Einstein
    Relativity: The Special and the General Theory
    Aldous Huxley
    Brave New World
    Aleksandr Pushkin
    Boris Godunov
    Complete Poetry
    Complete Prose Tales
    Eugene Onegin
    Narrative Poems
    Alessandro Manzoni
    I Promessi Sposi
    Alexander Hamilton & James Madison & John Jay
    The Federalist
    Alexander L. Kielland
    Skipper Worse
    Alexander Pope
    Alexis de Tocqueville
    Democracy in America
    Alfred de Musset
    The Story of a White Blackbird
    Alfred North Whitehead
    An Introduction to Mathematics
    Science and the Modern World
    Alfred Tennyson
    Alphonse Daudet
    The Bad Zouave
    The Child Spy
    The Game of Billiards
    The Last Class—The Story of a Little Alsatian
    The Siege of Berlin
    Ambroise Paré
    Journeys in Diverse Places
    Ambrose Bierce
    Collected Writings
    American State Papers
    Articles of Confederation
    Declaration of Independence
    The Constitution of the United States of America
    Anatole France
    Penguin Island
    Andrew Marvell
    Anne Bronte
    Anthony Trollope
    Orley Farm
    The Barsetshire Novels
    The Palliser Novels
    The Way We Live Now
    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
    Elements of Chemistry
    Anton Chekhov
    The Major Plays
    The Tales
    Uncle Vanya
    Apollonius of Perga
    On Conic Sections
    The Golden Ass
    Archibald Geikie
    Geographical Evolution
    Book of Lemmas
    Measurement of a Circle
    On Conoids and Spheroids
    On Floating Bodies
    On Spirals
    On the Equilibrium of Planes
    On the Sphere and Cylinder
    The Method Treating of Mechanical Problems
    The Quadrature of the Parabola
    The Sand Reckoner
    The Acharnians
    The Birds
    The Clouds
    The Frogs
    The Knights
    The Wasps
    History of Animals
    Minor biological works
    Nicomachean Ethics
    On Generation and Corruption
    On Interpretation
    On the Gait of Animals
    On the Generation of Animals
    On the Heavens
    On the Motion of Animals
    On the Soul
    Parts of Animals
    Posterior Analytics
    Prior Analytics
    Sophistical Refutations
    The Athenian Constitution
    Arnold Bennett
    The Old Wives’ Tale
    Arthur Eddington
    The Expanding Universe
    Augustine of Hippo
    On Christian Doctrine
    The City of God
    The Confessions
    Beaumont and Fletcher
    Ben Jonson
    Poems, Plays, and Masques
    The Alchemist
    Benedict de Spinoza
    Benjamin Franklin
    His Autobiography
    Benvenuto Cellini
    The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
    Bertolt Brecht
    Mother Courage and Her Children
    Bertrand Russell
    The Problems of Philosophy
    Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
    A Happy Boy
    Blaise Pascal
    Scientific and mathematical essays
    The Provincial Letters
    Thoughts, letters, and minor works
    Bram Stoker
    C. H. Waddington
    The Nature of Life
    Captain Walter Bigges
    Drake’s Great Armada
    Attis and Other Poems
    Don Quixote, part 1
    Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve
    What is a Classic?
    Charles Baudelaire
    Flowers of Evil
    Paris Spleen
    Charles Darwin
    The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex
    The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
    The Voyage of the Beagle
    Charles Dickens
    A Tale of Two Cities
    Bleak House
    Christmas Stories
    David Copperfield, part 1
    David Copperfield, part 2
    Dombey and Son
    Great Expectations
    Hard Times
    Little Dorrit
    Little Dorrit
    Martin Chuzzlewit
    Nicholas Nickleby
    Our Mutual Friend
    The Adventures of Oliver Twist
    The Mystery of Edwin Drood
    The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club
    Charles Lyell
    Scientific papers
    Charles Robert Maturin
    Melmoth the Wanderer
    Charlotte Bronte
    Jane Eyre
    The Canterbury Tales
    Troilus and Criseyde
    Chrétien de Troyes
    Yvain: The Knight of the Lion
    Christian Huygens
    Treatise on Light
    Christina Georgina Rossetti
    Christopher Marlowe
    Dr. Faustus
    Edward the Second
    Poems and Plays
    On Friendship
    On Old Age
    Claude Lévi-Strauss
    Structural Anthropology (selections)
    D. H. Lawrence
    Complete Poems
    Complete Short Stories
    Sons and Lovers
    Studies in Classic American Literature
    The Prussian Officer
    The Rainbow
    Women in Love
    Daniel Defoe
    A Journal of the Plague Year
    Moll Flanders
    Robinson Crusoe
    Dante Alighieri
    The Divine Comedy
    Dante Gabriel Rossetti
    Poems and Translations
    David Hume
    An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
    David Lindsay
    A Voyage to Arcturus
    Denis Diderot
    Rameau’s Nephew
    Edgar Allan Poe
    Essays and Reviews
    Poetry and Tales
    The Fall of the House of Usher
    The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym
    The Purloined Letter
    Edith Wharton
    Collected Short Stories
    Ethan Frome
    The Age of Innocence
    The Custom of the Country
    The House of Mirth
    Edmund Burke
    A Letter to a Noble Lord
    A Philosophical Enquiry into the Sublime and Beautiful
    On Taste
    Reflections on the Revolution in France
    Edmund Spenser
    The Faerie Queene
    The Minor Poems
    Edward Everett Hale
    The Man Without a Country
    Edward Gibbon
    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (Part 1)
    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (Part 2)
    Edward Haies
    Sir Humphrey Gilbert’s Voyage to Newfoundland
    Edward Jenner
    The Three Original Publications on Vaccination Against Smallpox
    Elizabeth Gaskell
    Mary Barton
    North and South
    Emile Zola
    Emily Bronte
    Wuthering Heights
    Emily Dickinson
    Complete Poems
    The Discourses
    The Golden Sayings
    Erasmus of Rotterdam
    The Praise of Folly
    Ernest Hemingway
    The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber
    Ernest Renan
    The Poetry of the Celtic Races
    Ernst Theodor Amadeus “E.T.A” Hoffmann
    The Devil’s Elixir
    Erwin Schrödinger
    What Is Life?
    The Thirteen Books of Euclid’s Elements
    Eugene O’Neill
    Lazarus Laughed
    Long Day’s Journey into Night
    Mourning Becomes Electra
    The Iceman Cometh
    Heracles Mad
    Iphigeneia at Aulis
    Iphigeneia in Tauris
    Phoenician Women
    The Suppliants
    Trojan Women
    F. Scott Fitzgerald
    Babylon Revisited and Other Stories
    Tender is the Night
    The Great Gatsby
    Fanny Burney
    Ford Madox Ford
    Parade’s End
    The Good Soldier
    Francis Bacon
    Civil and Moral
    New Atlantis
    Novum Organum
    The Advancement of Learning
    Francis Bret Harte
    The Idyl of Red Gulch
    The Luck of Roaring Camp
    The Outcasts of Poker Flat
    Francis Pretty
    Sir Francis Drake’s Famous Voyage Round the World
    François Rabelais
    Gargantua and Pantagruel
    Franz Kafka
    Parables, Fragments, Aphorisms
    The Blue Octavo Notebook
    The Castle
    The Complete Stories
    The Metamorphosis
    The Trial
    Friedrich Nietzsche
    Beyond Good and Evil
    On the Genealogy of Morals
    The Birth of Tragedy
    The Will to Power
    Friedrich Schiller
    Don Carlos
    Letters upon the Aesthetic Education of Man
    Mary Stuart
    On the Naïve and Sentimental in Literature
    The Robbers
    William Tell
    Fyodor Dostoyevsky
    Crime and Punishment
    Notes from the Underground
    Short Novels
    The Brothers Karamazov
    The Idiot
    The Possessed (The Devils)
    G. H. Hardy
    A Mathematician’s Apology
    G. K. Chesterton
    Collected Poems
    The Man Who Was Thursday
    On the Natural Faculties
    Galileo Galilei
    Dialogues Concerning the Two New Sciences
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    The Philosophy of History
    The Philosophy of Right
    George Berkeley
    The Principles of Human Knowledge
    Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists
    George Bernard Shaw
    Back to Methuselah
    Heartbreak House
    Major Barbara
    Major Critical Essays
    Saint Joan
    George Byron
    Don Juan
    George Douglas Brown
    The House with the Green Shutters
    George Eliot
    Adam Bede
    Daniel Deronda
    Silas Marner
    The Mill on the Floss
    George Gissing
    New Grub Street
    George MacDonald
    At the Back of the North Wind
    George Meredith
    The Egoist
    George Orwell
    Animal Farm
    Collected Essays;
    George Sand
    The Devil’s Pool
    The Haunted Pool
    Gertrude Stein
    Tender Buttons
    The Geographical History of America
    The Making of Americans
    Three Lives
    Giovanni Boccaccio
    The Decameron
    Giovanni Verga
    Little Novels of Sicily
    Mastro-Don Gesualdo
    The House by the Medlar Tree
    The She-Wolf and Other Stories
    Giuseppe Mazzini
    Byron and Goethe
    Gottfried Keller
    The Banner of the Upright Seven
    Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
    Minna von Barnhelm
    The Education of the Human Race
    Gustave Flaubert
    A Simple Soul
    Madame Bovary
    Sentimental Education
    Guy de Maupassant
    Selected Short Stories
    Two Friends
    Walter Schnaffs’ Adventure
    H.G. Wells
    The Science Fiction Novels
    Hans Christian Andersen
    Henri Bergson
    An Introduction to Metaphysics
    Henri Poincaré
    Science and Hypothesis
    Henrik Ibsen
    A Doll’s House
    Emperor and Galilean
    Hedda Gabler
    Peer Gynt
    The Lady from the Sea
    The Master Builder
    The Wild Duck
    When We Dead Awaken
    Henry David Thoreau
    Henry Fielding
    Joseph Andrews;
    The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling pt 1
    The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling pt 2
    Henry James
    Short Novels and Tales
    The Ambassadors
    The Awkward Age
    The Beast in the Jungle
    The Bostonians
    The Golden Bowl
    The Portrait of a Lady
    The Princess Casamassima
    The Wings of the Dove
    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Selected Poems
    Herman Melville
    Billy Budd
    Collected Poems
    Moby Dick; or, The Whale
    The Piazza Tales
    Hermann von Helmholtz
    Ice and Glaciers
    On the Conservation of Force
    An account of Egypt from The Histories
    The History (translated by George Rawlinson)
    Works and Days; Theogony
    The Oath of Hippocrates
    The Iliad
    The Odyssey
    Honore de Balzac
    A Harlot High and Low
    Cousin Bette
    Eugénie Grandet
    Louis Lambert
    Old Goriot
    The Girl with the Golden Eyes
    The Wild Ass’s Skin
    Ursule Mirouet
    Cousin Bette
    Immanuel Kant
    Critique of Practical Reason
    Critique of Pure Reason
    Excerpts from The Metaphysics of Morals
    Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
    General Introduction to the Metaphysic of Morals
    Preface and Introduction to the Metaphysical Elements of Ethics with a note on Conscience
    The Critique of Judgement
    The Science of Right
    Isaac Newton
    Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    Ivan Turgenev
    A House of Gentlefolk
    A Month in the Country
    A Sportsman’s Notebook
    Fathers and Children
    On the Eve; First Love
    Izaak Walton
    The Compleat Angler
    The Lives of Donne and Herbert
    Jakob & Wilhelm Grimm
    Children’s and Household Tales
    James Boswell
    The Life of Samuel Johnson, LLD
    James Fenimore Cooper
    The Deerslayers
    James George Frazer
    The Golden Bough (selections)
    James Joyce
    A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
    Finnegans Wake
    James Thomson
    The City of the Dreadful Night
    Jane Austen
    Mansfield Park
    Pride and Prejudice
    Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
    Analytical Theory of Heat
    Jean de La Fontaine
    Jean Froissart
    Jean Racine
    Jean Racine
    Johan Huizinga
    The Autumn of the Middle Ages
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    Dichtung und Wahrheit;
    Elective Affinities
    Hermann and Dorothea
    Italian Journey
    Roman Elegies
    The Sorrows of Young Werther
    Venetian Epigrams
    Verse Plays
    West-Eastern Divan
    Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship
    Wilhelm Meister’s Years of Wandering
    Johannes Kepler
    Epitome of Copernican Astronomy (Books IV–V)
    The Harmonies of the World (Book V)
    John Aubrey
    Brief Lives
    John Bunyan
    The Pilgrim’s Progress
    John Calvin
    Institutes of the Christian Religion (Selections)
    John Dewey
    Experience and Education
    John Donne
    John Dryden
    All for Love
    Critical Essays
    Poetry and Plays
    John Ford
    ‘Tis Pity She’s a Whore
    John Galsworthy
    The Forsyth Saga
    John Gay
    The Beggar’s Opera
    John Keats
    Poems and Letters
    John Locke
    A Letter Concerning Toleration
    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay
    Some Thoughts Concerning Education
    John Maynard Keynes
    The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money
    John Millington Synge
    Collected Plays
    John Milton
    Complete poems written in English
    English Minor Poems
    Lycidas, Comus, and the Minor Poems;
    Paradise Lost
    Paradise Regained
    Samson Agonistes
    Tractate of Education
    John Ruskin
    Modern Painters
    The Queen of the Air
    The Stones of Venice
    Unto This Last
    John Stuart Mill
    Considerations on Representative Government
    On Liberty
    John Webster
    The Duchess of Malfi
    The White Devil
    John Woolman
    The Journal of John Woolman
    Jonathan Swift
    A Tale of a Tub
    Gulliver’s Travels
    Joseph Conrad
    Heart of Darkness
    Lord Jim
    The Secret Agent
    Under Western Eyes
    Joseph Lister
    On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery
    Juan Valera
    Pepita Jimenez
    Karel Čapek
    War with the Newts
    Karl Barth
    The Word of God and the Word of Man
    Karl Marx
    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
    Manifesto of the Communist Party
    Kate Chopin
    The Awakening
    Katherine Mansfield
    The Short Stories
    The Tides
    The Wave Theory of Light
    Knut Hamsun
    Laurence Sterne
    A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy
    The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
    Leo Tolstoy
    A Confession
    Anna Karenina, part 1
    Anna Karenina, part 2
    Ivan the Fool
    Short Novels
    The Cossacks
    The Power of Darkness
    War and Peace
    Lewis Carroll
    Complete Works
    Lodovico Ariosto
    Orlando Furioso
    Louis Pasteur
    Scientific papers
    Louisa May Alcott
    Little Women
    On the Nature of Things
    The Way Things Are
    Ludwig Wittgenstein
    Philosophical Investigations
    Luigi Pirandello
    Six Characters in Search of an Author
    The Mandrake, a Comedy
    The Prince
    Maksim Gorky
    Reminiscences of Tolstoy, Chekhov, and Andreev
    Marcel Proust
    Remembrance of Things Past: “Swann in Love”
    Marcus Aurelius
    The Meditations
    Marcus Tullius Cicero
    On the Gods
    Marguerite de Navarre
    The Heptameron
    Maria Edgeworth
    Castle Rackrent
    Mark Twain
    A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court
    Complete Short Stories
    Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog
    Number Forty-Four: The Mysterious Stranger
    Pudd’nhead Wilson
    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn;
    The Devil’s Racetrack
    Martin Heidegger
    What Is Metaphysics?
    Martin Luther
    On the Freedom of a Christian
    The Ninety-Five Theses
    To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation
    Mary Shelley
    Matteo Maria Boiardo
    Orlando Innamorato
    Matthew Arnold
    Max Planck
    Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers
    Max Weber
    Essays in Sociology (selections)
    The Girl from Samos
    Michael Faraday
    Experimental Researches in Electricity
    The Chemical History of a Candle
    The Forces of Matter
    Michel de Montaigne
    Miguel de Cervantes
    Exemplary Stories
    The History of Don Quixote de la Mancha
    Mikhail Lermontov
    A Hero of Our Time
    Narrative Poems
    Miles Franklin
    My Brilliant Career
    Don Juan
    Ridiculous Precieuses;
    School for Husbands
    The Critique of the School for Wives
    The Imaginary Invalid
    The Learned Ladies
    The Misanthrope
    The Miser
    The School for Wives
    The Would-Be Gentleman
    Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron
    The Spirit of the Laws
    Nathanael West
    A Cool Million
    Miss Lonelyhearts
    The Day of the Locust
    Nathaniel Hawthorne
    Rappaccini’s Daughter
    Tales and Sketches
    The Marble Faun
    The Scarlet Letter
    Nicolaus Copernicus
    On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres
    Nicomachus of Gerasa
    Introduction to Arithmetic
    Niels Bohr
    Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature (selections)
    Discussion with Einstein on Epistemology
    Nikolai Gogol
    Dead Souls
    The Complete Tales
    The Government Inspector
    Oliver Goldsmith
    She Stoops to Conquer
    The Deserted Village
    The Traveller
    The Vicar of Wakefield
    Oliver Wendell Holmes
    The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever
    Oscar Wilde
    The Artist as Critic
    The Picture of Dorian Gray
    The Art of Love
    P. Cornelius Tacitus
    The Annals
    The Histories
    Pedro Calderon de la Barca
    Life is a Dream
    The Doctor of His Own Honor
    The Mayor of Zalamea
    The Mighty Magician
    Percy Bysshe Shelley
    A Defence of Poetry
    The Cenci
    Lyric Poems
    Philip Massinger
    A New Way to Pay Old Debts
    Philip Nichols
    Sir Francis Drake Revived
    Philip Sidney
    An Apology for Poetry
    Astrophel and Stella
    The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia
    Pierre Corneille
    The Dialogues (translated by Benjamin Jowett)
    The Republic
    The Seventh Letter
    Pliny the Younger
    The Six Enneads
    The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans
    Almagest, part 1
    R. H. Tawney
    The Acquisitive Society
    Ralph Waldo Emerson
    English Traits
    Representative Men
    The Conduct of Life
    René Descartes
    Discourse on the Method
    Meditations on First Philosophy
    Objections Against the Meditations and Replies
    Rules for the Direction of the Mind
    The Geometry
    Richard Brinsley Sheridan
    The Rivals
    The School for Scandal
    Richard Henry Dana, Jr.
    Two Years Before the Mast
    Robert Browning
    A Blot in the ‘Scutcheon
    The Ring and the Book
    Robert Burns
    Poems and songs
    Robert Burton
    The Anatomy of Melancholy
    Robert Herrick
    Robert Louis Stevenson
    Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
    The Master of Ballantrae
    The New Arabian Nights
    Treasure Island
    Weir of Hermiston
    Robert Maynard Hutchins; Mortimer Adler
    The Great Conversation
    Ronald Firbank
    Five Novels
    A Discourse on Political Economy
    A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
    La Nouvelle Héloïse
    On the Inequality among Mankind
    Profession of Faith of a Savoyard Vicar
    The Confessions
    The Social Contract
    Rudyard Kipling
    Collected Stories
    Complete Verse
    Puck of Pook’s Hill
    The Short Stories
    Samuel Beckett
    Waiting for Godot
    Samuel Butler
    The Way of All Flesh
    Samuel Johnson
    Samuel Richardson
    Sir Charles Grandison
    Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Poems and Prose
    Tragedies, particularly Medea and Hercules Furens
    Religious Texts
    Judeo-Christianity: Hebrew: Job, Psalms, and Ecclesiastes
    Judeo-Christianity: Christian I (Luke): Luke and Acts
    Judeo-Christiniaty: Christian II (Paul): Corinthians I and II and hymns
    Islam: Chapters from the Koran
    Hindu: The Bhagavad-Gita
    Buddhist: Writings
    Confucian: The sayings of Confucius
    Stories from the Thousand and One Nights
    Sigmund Freud
    A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis
    Beyond the Pleasure Principle
    Civilization and Its Discontents
    Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego
    Inhibitions, Symptoms, and Anxiety
    Instincts and Their Vicissitudes
    New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis
    Observations on “Wild” Psycho-Analysis
    On Narcissism
    Selected Papers on Hysteria
    The Ego and the Id
    The Future Prospects of Psycho-Analytic Therapy
    The Interpretation of Dreams
    The Origin and Development of Psycho-Analysis
    The Sexual Enlightenment of Children
    The Unconscious
    Thoughts for the Times on War and Death
    Simon Newcomb
    The Extent of the Universe
    Sinclair Lewis
    It Can’t Happen Here
    Oedipus at Colonus
    Oedipus the King
    The Oedipus Cycle
    The Trachiniae
    Søren Kierkegaard
    Fear and Trembling
    On Love
    The Charterhouse of Parma
    The Red and the Black
    T. S. Eliot
    The Waste Land
    The Eunuch
    The Girl from Andros
    The Mother-in-Law
    Theodor Fontane
    Trials and Tribulations
    Theodor Storm
    The Rider on the White Horse
    Theodore Dreiser
    An American Tragedy
    Sister Carrie
    Theodosius Dobzhansky
    Genetics and the Origin of Species
    Theophile Gautier
    Enamels and Cameos
    Mademoiselle de Maupin
    Thomas á Kempis
    The Imitation of Christ
    Thomas Aquinas
    Summa Theologica
    Thomas Browne
    Hydriotaphia, or Urne-Buriall
    Religio Medici
    The Garden of Cyrus
    Thomas Carlyle
    Inaugural Address at Edinburgh
    Sartor Resartus
    Selected Prose
    Sir Walter Scott
    Thomas de Quincey
    Confessions of an English Opium Eater
    Selected Prose
    Thomas Dekker
    The Shoemaker’s Holiday
    Thomas Hardy
    Collected Poems
    Far From the Madding Crowd
    Jude the Obscure;
    Tess of the D’Urbervilles
    The Mayor of Casterbridge
    The Return of the Native
    The Well-Beloved
    The Woodlanders
    Thomas Hobbes
    Thomas Love Peacock
    Gryll Grange
    Nightmare Abbey
    Thomas Malory
    Le Morte D’Arthur
    The Holy Grail
    Thomas Mann
    Death in Venice
    Thomas More
    Thomas Nashe
    The Unfortunate Traveller
    Thorstein Veblen
    The Theory of the Leisure Class
    History of the Peloponnesian War
    Tobias Smollett
    The Adventures of Roderick Random
    The Expedition of Humphry Clinker
    Tommaso Campanella
    The City of the Sun
    Victor Hugo
    Victor Hugo
    Les Misérables
    Notre Dame de Paris
    The Distance, the Shadows: Selected Poems
    The End of Satan
    The Toilers of the Sea
    William Shakespeare
    Virginia Woolf
    Between the Acts
    Mrs. Dalloway
    Orlando: A Biography
    The Waves
    To the Lighthouse
    Letters on the English
    The Lisbon Earthquake
    W. B. Yeats
    A Vision
    Collected Plays
    The Collected Poems
    Walter Raleigh
    The Discovery of Guiana
    Walter Scott
    Guy Mannering
    Old Mortality
    The Heart of Midlothian
    Washington Irving
    Rip Van Winkle
    The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
    The Sketch Book
    Werner Heisenberg
    Physics and Philosophy
    Wilkie Collins
    No Name
    The Moonstone
    The Woman in White
    Willa Cather
    A Lost Lady
    My Antonia
    The Professor’s House
    William Blake
    Complete Poetry and Prose
    William Cowper
    Poetical Works
    William Dean Howells
    A Modern Instance
    The Rise of Silas Lapham
    William Faulkner
    A Rose for Emily
    William Gilbert
    On the Loadstone and Magnetic Bodies
    William Harrison
    A Description of Elizabethan England
    William Harvey
    On the Circulation of Blood
    On the Generation of Animals
    On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
    William Hazlitt
    Essays and Criticism
    William James
    The Principles of Psychology
    The Varieties of Religious Experience
    William Makepeace Thackeray
    The History of Henry Esmond
    Vanity Fair, pt 1
    Vanity Fair, pt 2
    William Morris
    Early Romances
    News from Nowhere
    The Earthly Paradise
    The Well at the World’s End
    William Penn
    Fruits of Solitude
    William Roper
    The Life of Sir Thomas More
    William Shakespeare
    A Midsummer Night’s Dream
    All’s Well That Ends Well
    Antony and Cleopatra
    As You Like It
    Julius Caesar
    King Henry the Fourth, Part 1
    King Henry the Fourth, Part 2
    King Henry the Sixth, Part 1
    King Henry the Sixth, Part 2
    King Henry the Sixth, Part 3
    King Lear
    Love’s Labour’s Lost
    Measure for Measure
    Much Ado About Nothing
    Othello, the Moor of Venice
    Pericles, Prince of Tyre
    Romeo and Juliet
    The Comedy of Errors
    The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eighth
    The Life and Death of King John
    The Life of King Henry the Fifth
    The Merchant of Venice
    The Merry Wives of Windsor
    The Taming of the Shrew
    The Tempest
    The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
    The Tragedy of King Richard the Second
    The Tragedy of Richard the Third
    The Two Gentlemen of Verona
    The Winter’s Tale
    Timon of Athens
    Titus Andronicus
    Troilus and Cressida
    Twelfth Night; or, What You Will
    William Wordsworth
    The Prelude
    Wolfram von Eschenbach
    The Destruction of Dá Derga’s Hostel
    The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
    The Song of Roland
    The Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.